Afghanistan Travel Guide: All you need to know to visit Afghanistan in 2024
Welcome to Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Southern and Central Asia, sharing borders with Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast. The country is known for human occupation dating back to the Paleolithic era.


Afghanistan covers an area of approximately 652,000 square kilometers, making it the 41st largest country in the world. The geography of Afghanistan is dominated by mountains and highlands, with the Hindu Kush mountain range running through the country. The highest peak in Afghanistan is Nowshak, which stands at 7,485 meters. In addition to the mountains, several major rivers flow through Afghanistan, including the Amu Darya, the Hari Rud, and the Kabul River. The country also has several large lakes, including Lake Helmand and Lake Qargha.


Afghanistan has an arid climate, with significant variations in temperature and precipitation depending on the region. The weather is influenced by the country’s location in the heart of the Asian continent and the country’s high elevation and mountainous terrain. Generally, Afghanistan has hot summers and cold winters. During the summer, temperatures can reach 40°C (104°F) in some parts of the country. During winter, temperatures drop, too, the freezing points, with snowfall expected in mountainous areas. Precipitation in Afghanistan is generally low throughout the country, except in some northeast places and the central highlands. Most country areas receive less than 300 millimeters (12 inches) of precipitation annually, and droughts are common. Afghanistan is also known for natural disasters such as landslides, and floods can sometimes devastate communities and infrastructure.


According to the World Bank, Afghanistan has an estimated population of around 39 million. Afghanistan’s people are diverse, with various ethnic groups and languages represented. Pashtuns bring up the largest ethnic group and comprise approximately 38% of the population in Afghanistan, with other groups such as the Tajiks (25%), Hazaras (9%), and Uzbeks (6%). There are also smaller communities of Turkmen, Baloch, Nuristani, and other ethnic groups. The population of Afghanistan is relatively young, with a median age of around 19 years. However, the country has a relatively high infant mortality rate, and life expectancy is low, at approximately 64 years.


Afghanistan is a diverse country with many different languages spoken by its people. The official languages of Afghanistan country are Dari & Pashto. Dari is a form of Persian spoken by about half of the population, while Pashto is said by about 35%. Many other languages exist, including Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Pashayi, and Nuristani. Many of these languages are regional, and small communities speak them within the country. English is also widely spoken in Afghanistan, particularly in urban areas.


Afghanistan is Islamic, with most of its population following Sunni Islam. Around 85-90% of Afghans are Sunni Muslims, while the remaining 10-15% are Shia Muslims. Islam was introduced to Afghanistan during the 7th-century Arab conquests and has been the country’s dominant religion since then. Afghanistan has also been influenced by other religions and belief systems, including Buddhism and Hinduism, particularly during the ancient period of the region’s history.


Afghanistan is an Islamic republic with a presidential system of government. The country adopted its current Constitution in 2004, following the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001. The President of Afghanistan is the head of state. The President’s post is for the five-year popular vote and is eligible for re-election for one additional term. The President appoints cabinet ministers and other high-ranking officials, subject to the approval of the National Assembly. The National Assembly of Afghanistan is a bicameral body consisting of the House of the People (Wolesi Jirga) and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga). The judiciary in Afghanistan is independent of the executive and legislative branches of government. The highest Court in Afghanistan is the Supreme Court, which is responsible for constitutional interpretation and dispute resolution in the government branches.


Afghanistan’s economy heavily depends on agriculture, with around 80% of the population engaged in farming. Its dominant natural resources include copper, iron ore, and lithium minerals. However, instability and conflict have hindered the country’s economic development.


Afghanistan has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from Persian, Indian, and Central Asian cultures. The country is known for its traditional music, dance, and poetry. The national sport is buzkashi, which involves horse riders competing to place a goat carcass in a goal.

Recent History

Afghanistan has experienced decades of conflict, including a Soviet invasion in the 1980s and a civil war in the 1990s. As per the 2001 attack, the United States led a military coalition that overthrew the Taliban government, which had provided a haven for Al-Qaeda. Since then, Afghanistan has undergone conflict with the Taliban insurgency and has experienced political instability and violence.

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Before entering the territory of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, individuals of Indian nationality need a visa. Visas are available from the Afghanistan Embassy or Consulate located in India.

Here are the steps involved:

  • Choose the Afghanistan visa category you need.
  • Pay online
  • Please send us your documents using our pick-up and drop-off service.
  • Upon approval, receive your visa.

Although Indian nationals are not chargeable for visas, they are issued free. However, Visabud experts charge a nominal processing fee to handle the visa application process on your behalf, which includes reviewing your documents, submitting your application to the Afghanistan Embassy, and obtaining the visa. Our Visa Expert will manage all aspects of your visa application for you.


Tourist visa: Available for individuals who plan to visit Afghanistan for leisure or sightseeing purposes.

Business visa: This visa is available for individuals who plan to visit Afghanistan for business or trade-related purposes.

Work visa: Visa for individuals who plan to work in Afghanistan for an extended period.

Transit visa: This visa is for individuals transiting through Afghanistan en route to another destination.

Diplomatic visa: This visa is issued to foreign diplomats or government officials visiting Afghanistan on official business.

Journalist visa: This visa is for journalists or media members visiting Afghanistan for reporting purposes.

Student visa: Visa for individuals who plan to study in Afghanistan for an extended period.

To apply for an Afghanistan visa, the earliest you can submit your request is two months before your intended travel date. Submitting your request at least ten days before your travel date is advisable.

Visa validity goes up to 90 days, and individuals stay for 30 days in Afghanistan.

The Ministry of Interior Affairs may approve an extension of Afghanistan tourist visas only once, with the approval of the Afghan Tourism Department. If you require a more extended stay beyond the validity of your visa, it’s essential to apply for an extension at least seven days before its expiration. If you fail to extend your visa, you’ll need to obtain an exit visa from the Ministry of Interior Affairs and pay a fine for the number of days you overstayed.

Visa upon arrival is to Indian businesspeople and investors. The visa upon arrival is only issued at Hamid Karzai Airport and is not accessible at other international airports within Afghanistan. Those traveling from India for other purposes must obtain a visa in advance. Basic Requirements to visit Afghanistan

  • Valid passport of at least six months validity
  • Afghan visa
  • Travel Insurance
  • Proof of accommodation
  • Return ticket
  • Respectful behavior and adherence to local customs laws. Afghanistan travel checklist
  • Valid passport
  • Visa
  • Flight tickets
  • Travel Insurance