Greenland, an Arctic country, is well-known for its untamed, frigid landscapes, enormous glaciers, and unique fauna. Visitors may enjoy the unadulterated beauty of nature in all its splendor in this setting where time appears to have stopped.
Greenland is a place of adventure with sports like dog sledding, ice fishing, hiking, and kayaking.
We’ll show you the best of Greenland with the aid of our travel guide, from its spectacular natural wonders to its fascinating cultural traditions. In addition, we’ll give you expert advice on places to go, what to do, and how to make the most of your time.
Document checklist for Greenland
Essential Greenland travel information
Currency – Greenland uses the Danish Krone (DKK) as its currency.
Daily budget for one person – DKK 1500-2000
Language – Kalaallisut, sometimes called Greenlandic and an Inuit language, is the official language of Greenland.
Top 3 cities to visit – Sisimiut, Ilulissat, Nuuk
Top 3 landmarks/monuments – Hvalsey Church, Ilulissat Icefjord, Qilakitsoq Mummies
Socket type – Electrical Type K sockets are the type that are in use in Greenland. Greenland has 220-volt electricity and a 50-hertz frequency.
Time zone – Thule Time: UTC-4, Atlantic Time: UTC-3, East Greenland Time: UTC-1, West Greenland Time: UTC-2
Typical costs and budget for Greenland
Daily spending – US$200-300 per day
Meals – US$20-30 per person
Transport – US$30-60 per person
Hotel – US$100 per person per night
Transport and best ways to travel around Greenland
Flying is the most popular mode of transportation to and from Greenland. Many airports nationwide, including those at Kangerlussuaq, Nuuk, Ilulissat, and Qaanaq. Most of the flights are operated by Air Greenland, which provides local and international services.
Another well-liked method of exploring Greenland is by boat. The nation boasts a lengthy coastline with several navigable fjords and bays. Boat trips may take you to see icebergs, whales, and other marine life, and it is incredibly well-liked in the summer when the sea ice has melted.
Safety in Greenland
Travelers may feel comfortable visiting Greenland most of the time. However, visitors are likely to experience significant safety worries when traveling because of the low crime rate in the nation. There are several measures that travelers should take to safeguard their safety, though, like with any place they go on vacation.
Visitors should understand the dangers of outdoor pursuits like hiking and skiing. It’s crucial to be aware of the terrain and the weather and take the necessary safety precautions, such as carrying a map and compass and alerting someone of your plans before leaving.
Tourists should also respect the local customs and culture, as they could be different from their own. Therefore, respecting local traditions and beliefs and conducting yourself correctly in public areas is crucial.
Remember that Greenland is an isolated, inhospitable place with a severe environment. Visitors should be ready for chilly conditions, snow and ice, and a lack of infrastructure in certain areas. Therefore, when traveling in Greenland, it’s crucial to dress appropriately and bring any necessary equipment, such as warm clothing and sturdy boots.
Weather in Greenland
In coastal places throughout the summer (June–August), temperatures might vary from 5°C to 15°C, whereas interior areas can be slightly colder. Additionally, 24-hour daylight is a feature of the summer, which can make traveling an exceptional and lovely experience. On the other hand, temperatures can dip to as low as -20°C in certain places during the winter months of December to February, and there may also be snowfall and shorter days.
It’s crucial to remember that the weather in Greenland may be unpredictable, so it’s always a good idea to check the forecast before leaving and carry appropriate attire for the season. Furthermore, it is advisable to take caution when planning a trip because inclement weather can affect the safety of roads and other modes of transportation.
Famous Cities and Towns in Greenland
Nuuk: the most significant capital city of Greenland. It sits on the island’s southwest shore and has about 17,000 people.
Ilulissat: a city on the west coast of Greenland that is well-known for its magnificent ice fjord, included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Sisimiut: The island’s west coast is home to the second-largest settlement in Greenland.
Qaqortoq: a town on Greenland’s southern coast distinguished by its dynamic structures and breathtaking natural surroundings.
Must do and see in Greenland
Explore local towns and take part in cultural activities like dog sledding, fishing, and traditional music and dance performances to discover more about the unique Inuit culture that exists in Greenland.
Visit the Ilulissat Icefjord, a Greenland must-see destination home to one of the planet’s most active glaciers. To see the breathtaking beauty and come up close to the glacier, take a boat trip or trek along the paths.
Discover the Arctic wilderness: Greenland has some of the world’s most breathtaking scenery, from snow-capped peaks to icy fjords. Investigate the area’s natural splendor by going on a trek or guided tour.
Typical Greenland food to try
Kalaallit Nunaat seafood: Seafood from Greenland, such as cod, halibut, shrimp, and Greenlandic prawns, is prized for its superior quality. You may sample meals like grilled shrimp, fish stews, or smoked or dried fish.
Suaasat: a typical soup from Greenland prepared with reindeer or seal meat, potatoes, onions, and herbs. It has a distinct flavor and is frequently consumed throughout the winter.
Mattak: This traditional Inuit cuisine is prepared using whale skin and fat, a nutrient-rich source of vitamins and minerals. The texture is chewy and is customarily eaten uncooked.
Vaccine information for Greenland
According to the country’s administration, everyone traveling to Greenland must be wholly immunized against COVID-19 using a vaccine authorized by the World Health Organization (WHO) at least 14 days before arrival. In addition, travelers must have a negative COVID-19 test result obtained 72 hours before departure.
Fun facts about Greenland
With barely over 18,000 inhabitants, Nuuk, the capital of Greenland, is the smallest capital city in the world.
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Yes, a visa is required for nationals of India to go to Greenland.
Given that Greenland is a Danish-autonomous state, Indian residents can request a visa by contacting the closest Danish embassy or consulate or applying with us.
The particular prerequisites for a Greenland visa may alter depending on the applicant’s situation. However, typical requirements include:
A Greenland visa application’s processing period may vary depending on the embassy or consulate handling it and the applicant’s particular circumstances. To give your application enough time for processing, you should submit it 4-6 weeks before your departure date.
The duration of an Indian citizen’s Greenland visa may change depending on the specific visa category and the applicant’s particular circumstances. However, the typical duration of a visa is up to 90 days within a 180-day timeframe.