Tanzania Travel Guide: All you need to know to visit Tanzania in 2024
Welcome to Tanzania

Tanzania is in East Africa, known for its diverse culture, stunning natural landscapes, and wildlife. Home to Mount Kilimanjaro, the Serengeti, and Zanzibar, Tanzania is a popular destination for tourists seeking adventure, wildlife encounters, and beach vacations. With a rich history and diverse population, Tanzania is a unique and fascinating country.

GEOGRAPHY

Tanzania is the largest nation in East Africa, covering an area of 945,087 square kilometers. The country has a diverse geography, ranging from the Serengeti Plains in the north to the tropical beaches of Zanzibar in the east. The Indian Ocean borders Tanzania to the east. Tanzania is home to Africa’s highest mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro, and several other mountain ranges, lakes, and rivers.

POPULATION

The estimated population of Tanzania is approximately 62.5 million people. The population is growing rapidly, with an estimated annual growth rate of 2.7%. Tanzania is Africa’s fourth most populous country, after Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Many of the population lives in rural areas, although urbanization is increasing, particularly in Dar es Salaam and Mwanza. The population is also relatively young, with around 60% under 25. The population comprises over 120 ethnic groups, including the Sukuma, Chagga, and Haya, each with its own culture and language. The official languages of Tanzania are Swahili and English, although many other languages are spoken throughout the country.

CLIMATE

Tanzania has a tropical climate, with two apparent rainy and dry seasons. The long rainy period occurs from March to May, and the short season occurs from October to December. The dry periods occurs from June to October, and the shorter dry season occurs from January to February. The climate is typically hot and humid, with hotness averaging between 20°C and 30°C throughout the year.

ECONOMY

Tanzania is a developing country with an economy based primarily on agriculture, which employs around 80% of the population and accounts for about 30% of the country’s GDP. The main crops grown include coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, and as well as a variety of fruits and vegetables. Tanzania is also rich in mineral resources, including gold, diamonds, and natural gas, contributing to economic growth.

CULTURE

Tanzanian culture is known for its music, dance, and art, with traditional festivals and ceremonies celebrated yearly. The country is famous for its diverse wildlife and is home to several world-renowned national parks, including the Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Tanzania also has a long history of archaeological research, with the discovery of the fossilized remains of early hominids in the Olduvai Gorge.

LANGUAGE

Tanzania is a nation found in East Africa with a diverse linguistic landscape. The official languages of Tanzania are Swahili and English. Swahili is the most extensively spoken language in Tanzania and is used as a lingua franca throughout East Africa. English is also an official language in education, government, and business. Other languages spoken in Tanzania include indigenous languages such as Sukuma, Chaga, and Haya.

RELIGION

Tanzania has a diverse religious landscape with a mix of indigenous, Christian, and Muslim beliefs. Christianity is the largest religion in Tanzania, with approximately 61% of the population identifying as Protestant or Roman Catholic. Islam is the second-largest religion, with around 35% of the population identifying as Muslim, particularly along the coast and on Zanzibar Island. The remaining population follows indigenous religions or other faiths. Religious tolerance is generally high in Tanzania, and people of different religions often coexist peacefully.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

Tanzania is known for its stunning natural landscapes and wildlife. The Serengeti National Park is an abode to the world’s largest Migration of land animals, with millions of wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles moving across the plains each year. Other popular wildlife destinations include the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tarangire National Park, and Lake Manyara National Park. Mount Kilimanjaro is a popular destination for trekking and climbing, and the tropical beaches of Zanzibar are a popular destination for relaxation and water activities. Tourism brings about over 1 million visitors per year.

POLITICS

Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic with a multi-party system. The president is both the head of the nation and the head of administration. The country has a unicameral parliament, the National Assembly, which comprises 393 members. The judiciary is independent, and the highest court in the country is the Court of Appeal. Tanzania has a history of political stability and has been a leader in regional diplomacy, playing a pivotal role in mediating conflicts in the Great Lakes region.

FUN FACTS ABOUT TANZANIA

  1. Tanzania is abode to the tallest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, which stands at 5,895 meters (19,341 feet).
  2. The Serengeti National Park in Tanzania is famous for the Great Exodus, where over a million wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles move across the plains for water and food.
  3. The world-famous archaeological site of Olduvai Gorge, where some of the earliest human remnants were found, is in Tanzania.
  4. Tanzania is abode to the largest game reserve in Africa, the Selous Game Reserve, which covers an area of 50,000 square kilometers (19,000 square miles).
  5. The Tingatinga art style, which features brightly colored paintings of African animals and landscapes, originated in Tanzania.
  6. Tanzania is home to the spice island of Zanzibar, famous for its beaches, historic Stone Town, and the production of cloves and other spices.
  7. Tanzanite, a rare blue-violet gemstone, can only be found in Tanzania, specifically in the Mererani Hills near Mount Kilimanjaro.
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The processing time for a Tanzania visa may differ depending on the kind of visa and the volume of applications received. Generally, processing a visa application can take 3-10 business days.

No, Indian citizens cannot obtain a visa upon arrival in Tanzania. They are required to get a visa before traveling through the Tanzanian Embassy or Consulate in India.

Tanzania has several popular tourist destinations, including the Serengeti National Park, Mount Kilimanjaro, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, and Zanzibar.

You can apply for a Tanzania visa through the Tanzanian Embassy or Consulate in India. Alternatively, you can apply for an e-visa through the Tanzania Immigration website.

Yes, Indian citizens can renew their Tanzania visa in Tanzania if they wish to extend their stay beyond the initial visa period. It’s recommended to check with the Tanzanian immigration authorities or the Embassy/Consulate for the most up-to-date information on visa renewal procedures and requirements.

You should first understand the reason and review the refusal letter to deal with a visa refusal. You may reapply, appeal, or seek legal advice depending on the grounds.

Generally, a visa can take 2-4 weeks to process, although it can sometimes take longer. Applying for a visa well before your travel dates is recommended to allow for processing delays.

Indian citizens can apply for a Tanzania visa online through the official Tanzania Immigration website. The online visa application process is called the Tanzania e-Visa system.